Kazan, the capital of Tatarstan, is one of the largest economic, industrial, scientific and cultural centres in Russia.
Kazan is located in the centre of the well-developed Volga region, between the industrial regions of the Central and the Ural economic areas. It has the largest population and most economic potential of the cities in the republic.
Сoat of arms of Kazan: "Zilant"
The city celebrated its 1,000th anniversary in 2005.
Kazan is a multiconfessional city. About 1.2 million people – representatives of over 100 nationalities – live in Kazan in the atmosphere of cultural, religious and linguistic diversity.
Tatarstan’s capital is in the “A” category (along with Moscow and St Petersburg) of cities with historical and cultural value and heritage. The Kazan Kremlin is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The Kazan Kremlin, a unique complex of archeological, historical and architectural monuments enrolled into the UNESCO World Heritage list, is the main tourist attraction of Kazan. It is open for visits and tours on a daily basis. Tourists visiting the territory of the architectural conservation area will see such places of interest as the ‘falling’ Syuyumbike Tower, Savior Tower, Annunciation Cathedral and Kul-Sharif, one of the largest mosques in the world.
There are many reasons to call the thousand-year-old Kazan a ‘young’ city, as it’s the largest student city of Russia. There are nearly 200,000 students from 67 countries studying in Kazan, and Russia’s top higher education institutions are concentrated here, among them Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Tupolev Kazan National Research Technical University and Kazan National Research Technological University. Students of Kazan are always found among the winners of national and international contests and many are holders of state scholarships from international and national funds, and also excel in sports.
Kazan has a busy cultural life. In addition to classical art, the city encourages the development of contemporary art trends as well. Cultural events such as the Feodor Shalyapin International Opera Festival, Rudolph Nureyev International Ballet Festival, Sergei Rakhmaninov White Lilac International Festival, Kazan Autumn International Open Air Opera Festival, Concordia Modern Music Festival, Aksenov-fest Literature Festival and International Festival of Muslim Cinema have already become annual events in Kazan. The city is home to 9 theatres, 34 state museums, privately owned art galleries, the Saidashev State Big Concert Hall and 2 philharmonics. The La Primavera Kazan State Chamber Orchestra is known far beyond the boundaries of Kazan. And of course national Russian and Tatar holidays are celebrated in Kazan in a big way.
The city is growing and developing. A new microregion - The Universiade Village - was opened in 2012. And in 2015, the satellite town of Innopolis, a modern IT-cluster with its own university, lyceum and technology park, was constructed.
Under Tatarstan’s constitution, the Tatar and Russian languages have equal rights in the republic.
The Russian language is a member of the eastern Slavic subgroup of the Slavic group.
The Tatar language belongs to the Turkic group of the Altaic family of languages, along with Kazakh, Uzbek, Turkish, etc.